For five years, our company has been working on several projects to investigate and prove stocks of zeolite-type raw materials.
Clinoptilolite-type zeolites as starting material in a number of areas of pharmaceuticals, agriculture and ecology.
Clinoptilolite-type zeolites are characterized by their ability to devote and re-absorb the so-called ” Zeolite water, depending on the temperature and humidity of the environment. Another important feature is their pronounced ion exchange capability, capable of selectively separating and reusing the molecules and ions of different substances, depending on their size. Channels in the structure of different zeolite minerals are of different shapes and sizes and can leak one and retain other building blocks. This basic property turns zeolites into natural molecular sieves.
Because of their two main properties, which distinguish them from all other minerals, the selective passage of molecules of varying sizes and the ease of ion exchange have a wide use in.
- industry – the adsorption properties of zeolites are used to clean greenhouse gas emissions. Especially efficient is their use to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and ammonia in the chemical industry, with the absorption of sulfur dioxide being at least 15%. Zeolites are also used to purify waste gases with a mercury concentration of up to 10 mg / m3 Wastewater containing amines is purged with zeolites up to 90%.
- the nuclear industry – zeolites attract and retain some ions, while others pass freely through them, allowing many fission products to be effectively removed from nuclear waste. Thus, toxic substances are permanently cleansed. Aluminum-silicate construction of zeolites is extremely durable and resistant to radiation.
- medicine – some of the zeolites, are also used for treatment, using their properties in a fine sieve, which retains substances of a certain size of molecules and misses others. In this way, the body can be cleansed by some poisonous substances. This impact is due to their marked capacity for cation exchange with calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium. They have a strong propensity for the absorption of ammonia and some organic compounds as well as radioactive elements such as some heavy metals.
- Bits – Zeolites are widely used as ion-exchangers to purify drinking water, removing some of the harmful impurities. Sodium zeolites, placed in calcareous water with a high calcium content, can replace the sodium in its structure with calcium from the water and so soften it. They are used as filters in sewage treatment plants as they practically adsorb almost all heavy metals, as well as some radioactive substances such as strontium and cesium. Zeolites are included in toothpaste, detergents and detergents, replacing softeners and phosphates. They are also used as deodorants as they neutralize various aromatic substances. They are added to various types of juices, olive oils, sugar solutions, wines and others to purify them from impurities. They are also used in the production of chocolate products and margarines.
- Agriculture – Clinoptilolite, are used in agriculture to regulate the soil composition by providing slow release of potassium, enriching them with Mn, Mg, Fe, As, Co and reducing nitrogen flushing. In orchards are used to lower the content Of nitrates in fruits and increasing yields. They are also used as water moderators, which absorb water to 55% of their weight, then slowly release it under the roots of the plants. The plants are soaked evenly. Zeolites are used as a supplement to the domestic animals food
Zeolites as trace raw material, used as an active mineral additive for cement production.
The studied raw material is represented by a series of layers made of zeolite acidic volcanic tufts with a vitrolastic structure. Vulcan glass, the main scaling component, has changed to a different extent to clinoptilolite.